BCL Grow: Imputed Righteousness of Christ — Romans 5:18-19

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Romans 5:18-19 (Justification)

Bible Passage

Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men. For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous. — Romans 5:18-19


“The parallel to the imputation of Adam’s sin is the imputation of Christ’s righteousness. Or, to use Paul’s own terms, being ‘constituted sinners’ through the disobedience of Adam is parallel to being “constituted righteous'‘ through the obedience of Christ.” — John Murray., The Imputation of Adam’s Sin, p. 76.

Steps to Take

1. Reflect: What is the main point Scripture makes about the two Adams?

2. Remember: Scripture teaches that a person is either in Adam or in Christ. Being in Adam means being subject to the penalty of sin—death. Being in Christ means being declared righteous. But the righteousness of those who are in Christ Jesus, by faith alone, is Christ’s righteousness imputed (declared) to them through the instrument of faith. Any good things we might do are tainted by sin and cannot merit reconciliation and peace with God. They cannot justify us. But Christ Jesus did for his people what they cannot do for themselves—he lived a perfectly obedience sinless life on behalf of all those who believe in him.

3. Rejoice: God declares that, “to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness (Rom. 4:5). Rejoice that by faith in Christ Jesus—faith in his work and his righteousness—you are united to him and receive all of his benefits including justification, adoption, and sanctification.

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